... was born in Clapham, Surrey and out of 9 Falcon Road, Battcrsea, London, S.W., he was initially known as a maker of flat-back mandolins of his own design but he did make a number of banjos and zither-banjos; mainly for other firms, to sell as their own make.
In 1896 he was granted a patent pertaining to zither-banjo construction in conjunction with J E Brewster.
In February 1899, in conjunction with W E Temlett, he was granted a patent for a roller-"nut" but there is no indication how he came to co-operate with Temlett.
However in 1911 at age 34 he was recorded as a Banjo Maker, married with two sons and two daughters, not as an employer but working for others, and living at 25 Khyber Road, Battersea S W.
He died in the late 1940s when Clifford Essex & Son acquired his stock of timber, etc